传说中的“大脖子病”一定就是甲亢吗?

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公开课模版测试文章(编辑别推)

鲁瑶

中日医院普通外科二部主任医师 教授

什么是甲亢?

甲亢是甲状腺分泌激素增多引起的临床综合征,具体表现在循环系统、消化系统、内分泌系统等高功能代谢的综合征。

传说中的“大脖子病”一定就是甲亢吗?

引起甲亢的原因是什么?

(1)甲状腺本身的先天因素

(2)后天因素,比如精神压力、紧张、焦虑等。

临床上甲亢分为几种类型?

(1)原发性甲亢,原发性甲亢主要与遗传因素有关系,或者是压力大、精神忧虑而引起的甲状腺功能亢进。

(2)继发性甲亢,继发性甲状腺结节引起的甲状腺功能亢进。比如急性甲状腺肿、甲状腺炎等。

(3)高功能腺瘤,高功能腺瘤是甲状腺体内的单发结节。这个结节分泌的甲状腺激素旺盛,引起甲状腺功能亢进。

传说中的“大脖子病”一定就是甲亢吗?

需要注意的是,临床甲亢的成因很复杂,不是由单一的因素引起的。

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