为什么胆结石会如此“重女轻男”?

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公开课模版测试文章(编辑别推)

徐智

北京大学第三医院普通外科主任医师

为什么女性比男性的胆结石发病率高?怀孕的女性发病率更高?

女性在怀孕阶段,体内的雌性激素含量比较高。雌性激素可以使胆汁中胆固醇的饱和度增加,同时也可以使胆囊的张力减小,而胆固醇的饱和度增加和胆囊的张力减小,都是形成胆囊内胆固醇结石的原因,而多产多孕的女性发病率则更高。


40岁以上的体胖女性,是胆结石的高发人群,其胆结石发病率比男性高四倍。目前研究表明,女性肥胖和胆结石病直接相关,而男性肥胖和胆结石并没有直接的依据。

另外,绝经期的女性,体内的孕酮也可以使胆汁中胆固醇的含量增高、胆囊的张力下降。这几个因素综合起来,女性得胆结石的几率要比男性高得多。

更多相关视频:

小小石头竟有多副面孔 胆结石的分类全在这里了!

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